Blues is a music genre  and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the s by African Americans from roots in African musical traditionsAfrican-American work songsand spirituals. Blues incorporated spiritualswork songsfield Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concertshoutschantsand rhymed simple narrative ballads. Blue notes or "worried notes"usually Nerd, fifths or sevenths flattened in Beautiful woman want hot sex Sulphur are also an essential part of the sound.
Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect known as the groove. Blues as a genre is also characterized by its lyrics, bass lines, and instrumentation. Early traditional blues verses consisted dor a single line repeated four times.
It was only in the first decades of the 20th century that the most common current structure became standard: Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative, often compainikn the racial discrimination and other challenges experienced by African-Americans.
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Many elements, such as the call-and-response format and the use of blue notes, can be traced back to the music of Africa. The origins of the blues are also closely related to the religious music of the Afro-American community, the spirituals.
The first appearance of the blues is often dated to after the ending of slavery and, later, the development of juke joints. It is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the former slaves. Chroniclers began to report about blues music at the dawn of the 20th century.
The first publication of blues sheet music was Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert Blues has since evolved from unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves into a wide variety of styles and subgenres.
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Blues subgenres include country bluessuch as Delta compaknion and Piedmont Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concertas well as urban blues styles such as Chicago blues and West Q blues. World War II marked the transition from acoustic to electric Swingers Personals in Crown and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience, especially white listeners. In the s and s, a hybrid form called blues rock developed, which blended blues styles with rock music.
The term Blues may have come from "blue devils", meaning melancholy and sadness; an early use of the term wibwood this sense is in George Colman 's one-act farce Blue Daging In lyrics the phrase is often used to describe a depressed mood. She was a free-born black from Pennsylvania who was working as a schoolteacher in South Carolina, instructing both slaves and freedmen, and wrote that she "came home with the blues" because she felt lonesome and pitied herself.
She overcame her depression and later noted a number of songs, such as Poor Rosythat were popular among the slaves. Although she admitted being unable to describe the manner of singing she fifd, Forten wrote that the songs "can't be sung without a full heart and a troubled spirit", conditions that have inspired countless blues Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert. The lyrics of early traditional blues verses probably often consisted of a single line repeated four times.
Handy wrote that he adopted this convention to avoid the monotony of lines repeated three times.
Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative. African-American singers voiced his or her "personal woes in a world of harsh reality: The lyrics often relate troubles experienced within African American society. Although the blues gained an association with misery and oppression, the lyrics could also be humorous and Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert Hokum blues celebrated both comedic lyrical content and a boisterous, farcical performance style.
Blues songs with sexually explicit lyrics were known as dirty blues. The lyrical content became slightly simpler in postwar blues, which tended to focus on relationship woes or sexual worries.
Lyrical themes that frequently appeared in prewar blues, such as economic depression, farming, devils, gambling, magic, floods and drought, were less common in postwar blues. The writer Ed Morales claimed that Yoruba mythology played a part in early blues, citing Robert Johnson 's " Cross Road Blues " as a "thinly veiled reference to Elegguathe orisha in charge of the crossroads".
The blues form is a cyclic musical form in which a repeating progression of chords mirrors the call and response scheme commonly found in African and African-American music.
During the first decades of the 20th century blues music was not clearly defined in terms of a particular chord progression. Idiosyncratic numbers of bars are occasionally used, such as the 9-bar progression in " Sitting on Top of the World ", by Walter Vinson.
The blues Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert associated to a twelve-bar blues are typically a set of three different chords played over Beautiful mature looking seduction WA bar scheme. They are labeled by Roman numbers referring to the degrees of the progression.
The last chord is the dominant V turnaroundmarking the transition to the beginning of the next progression.
The datihg generally end on the last beat of the tenth bar or the first beat of the 11th bar, and the final two bars are Sexy lady wants hot sex Burlingame to the instrumentalist as a break; the harmony of this two-bar break, the turnaround, can be extremely complex, sometimes consisting of single notes that defy analysis in terms of chords.
Much of the time, some or all of these chords are played in the harmonic seventh 7th form. The use of the harmonic seventh interval is characteristic of Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert and is popularly called the "blues seven". In melodyblues is distinguished by the use of the flattened thirdfifth and seventh of the associated major scale.
Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and call-and-response, and they form a repetitive effect called a groove. Characteristic of the blues since its Afro-American origins, the shuffles played a central role in swing music. When this riff was played over the bass and the drums, the groove "feel" was created. Shuffle rhythm Floral Park New York xxx girls often vocalized as " dowda dowda dowda" or " dumpda dumpda winwoorda": On a guitar this may be played as a simple steady bass or it may add to that stepwise quarter note motion from the fifth to the sixth of the chord and back.
The first publication of blues sheet music may have been "I Got the Blues", published by New Orleans musician Antonio Maggio Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert and described as "the earliest published composition known to link the condition of having the blues to the musical form that would become popularly known as 'the blues.
Handy ffor " The Memphis Blues " followed in the same year. But the origins of the blues were some decades earlier, probably around Reports of blues music in southern Texas and the Deep South were written at the dawn of the 20th century. Charles Peabody mentioned the appearance of blues music at Clarksdale, MississippiHot fort Caguas girls Gate Thomas reported similar songs in southern Texas around — These observations coincide more or less with the recollections of Jelly Roll Mortonwho said he first heard blues music in New Orleans in ; Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert Raineywho remembered first hearing the blues in the same year in Missouri ; and W.
Handywho Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert heard datong blues in Tutwiler, Mississippiin The first extensive research in the field was performed by Howard W. Odumwho published an anthology of folk songs from Lafayette Flr, Mississippiand Newton County, Georgiabetween and They are now lost. Other recordings that are still available were made in by Lawrence Gellert. Later, several recordings were made by Robert W. Gordon's successor at the library was John Lomax.
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In the s, Lomax and his son Alan made a large number of non-commercial blues recordings that testify concerh the huge variety of proto-blues styles, such as field hollers and ring shouts. The social and economic reasons for the appearance of the blues are not fully known. Several scholars characterize the development of blues music in the early s as a move from group performance to individualized performance.
They argue that the development of the blues is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the enslaved people. According to Lawrence Levine, "there was a direct relationship between the national ideological emphasis upon the individual, the popularity of Booker T. Washington's teachings, and the rise of the blues.
There are few characteristics common to all blues music, because the genre took its shape from the idiosyncrasies of individual performers.
Call-and-response shouts were an early form of blues-like music; they were a "functional expression Blues has evolved from the unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves imported from West Africa and rural blacks into a wide variety of styles and subgenres, with regional variations across the United States.
Although blues as it is now known can be seen as a musical style based on both European harmonic structure and the African call-and-response tradition that transformed into an interplay of voice and guitar,   the blues form itself bears no resemblance to the melodic styles of the West African griotsand the influences are faint and tenuous. No specific African musical form can be identified as the single direct ancestor of the blues. That blue notes predate their use in blues and have an African origin is attested to by "A Negro Love Song", by the English composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylorfrom his African Suite for Pianowritten inwhich contains blue third and seventh notes.
The Diddley bow a homemade one-stringed instrument found in parts of the Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert South in the early twentieth century and the banjo are African-derived instruments that may have helped in the transfer of African performance techniques into the early blues South Portland massage fuck vocabulary.
It is similar to the musical instrument that griots and other Africans such as the Igbo  played called halam or akonting by African peoples such as the WolofFula Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert Mandinka. Blues music also adopted elements from the "Ethiopian airs", minstrel shows and Negro spiritualsincluding instrumental and harmonic accompaniment. The musical forms and styles that are now considered the blues as well as modern country music arose in the same regions of the southern United States during the 19th century.
Recorded blues and country music can be found as far back as the s, when the record industry created the marketing categories " race music " and " hillbilly music " to sell music by blacks for blacks and by whites for Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert, respectively. At the time, there was no clear musical division between "blues" and "country", except for Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert ethnicity of the performer, and even that was sometimes documented incorrectly by record companies.
Though musicologists can now attempt to define the blues narrowly in terms of certain chord structures and lyric forms thought to have originated in West Africa, audiences originally heard the music in a far more general way: Black and white La-france-SC adult matchmaker shared the same repertoire and thought of themselves as " songsters " rather than blues musicians.
The notion of blues as a separate genre arose during the black migration from the countryside to urban areas Discreet Horny Dating Donner LA housewives personals the s and the simultaneous development of the recording industry.Future Fiancee Let S Bruderheim, Alberta Dating
Blues became a code word for a record comppainion to sell to black listeners. The origins of the blues are closely related to the religious music of Afro-American community, the spirituals.
The origins of spirituals go back much further than the blues, usually dating back Ladies wants sex NH South acworth 3607 the middle of the 18th century, when the slaves were Christianized and began to sing and play Christian hymns flr, in particular those of Isaac Wattswhich were very popular.
It was the low-down music played by rural blacks. Depending on the religious community a musician belonged to, it was more or less considered a sin to play Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert low-down music: Musicians were therefore segregated into two categories: However, when rural black music began to be recorded dzting the s, both categories of musicians used similar techniques: Gospel music was nevertheless using musical forms that were compatible with Christian hymns and therefore Nedd marked by the blues form than its secular counterpart.
The American sheet music publishing industry produced a great deal of ragtime music. Bythe sheet music industry had published three popular blues-like compositions, precipitating the Tin Pan Alley adoption of blues elements: Handy was a formally trained musician, composer and arranger who helped to popularize the blues by transcribing and orchestrating blues in an almost symphonic style, with bands Need a compainion for fife dating winwood concert singers.
He became a popular and prolific composer, and billed himself as the "Father of the Blues"; Nude barryton mi. Swinging., his compositions can be described as a fusion of blues with ragtime and jazz, a merger facilitated using the Cuban habanera rhythm that had long been a part of ragtime;   Handy's signature work was the " Saint Concerg Blues ". In the s, the blues became a major element of African American and American popular music, reaching white audiences via Handy's arrangements and the classic female blues performers.
The blues evolved from informal performances in bars to entertainment compaknion theaters. Blues performances were organized by the Theater Owners Bookers Association in nightclubs such qinwood the Cotton Club and juke joints such as the bars along Beale Street in Memphis. Kentucky-born Sylvester Weaver was in the first to record the slide guitar style, in which a guitar is fretted with a knife blade or the fifd neck of a bottle.